According to the story, it is important to remember that the geographical space of what is today the Canton of Cayambe, was part of the dominos of the Cayambi village-Caranqui, which extended, in those days, from the Chota River, to the North, to the banks of the river Guayllabamba, to the South, between the mountain ranges East and West, in the Andean Region in whose territories are archaeological remains, ridges, pucarás, petroglyphs and various utensils.
The pucaras are rock formations of reddish in certain higher areas of the Cordillera Central.
In several of those sites and the material was available in the Middle, the primitive cayambis built in the Andean area of Cangahua, the known strengths of Pambamarca (or ceremonial), which served for the defense against the invasion of the incas, they believe several authors.
The number of fortresses in that territory is 56. Brava resistance of the cayambis, led by Nasacota Puento, lasted 17 years, says the national historian, born in the parish of Cangahua, the teacher Aquiles Pérez tamayo, until they were defeated by the powerful forces of the Inca Huayna Cápac-driven to edges of the lagoon of Yaguarcocha.
Nasacota Puento succeeded his son Quibia or Quimbia Puento who lived upon the domain of the inca Huayna Cápac, and after the Chieftainship passed to Jerónimo Puento (another son of Nasacota), developed completely on the Christian faith and server by the authorities representing the Spanish Crown.
The Inca invasion, first, and then the Spanish, affect the structure of culture cayambi, the end of vanishing language, of which there are hardly any some words, surnames and geographical names, such as Yasnan, Pulubi, Guanguilqui, Gualavisi.
The inhabitants of the sovereign nation of the cayambis not speak quechua (kichwa), the modern and contemporary researchers say.
The cayambis Avenged the defeat of Yaguarcocha, leading the armies loyal to Atahualpa and, in alliance with other peoples such as the caranquis, pastures and quitus, submitted to the peoples of what is now the Peru and which belonged to the Empire of Huascar, whom he killed in Cuzco.
In Matibamba, large area of the ancient Inca Empire, survive until today descendants of the cayambis, whose surnames as Farinango are an indisputable example of our culture.
Decimated by the Inca war and what were called "guambracunas" i.e. land of boys, diminished by the genocide of the Spaniards, the Cayambis looked to succumb its cultural manifestations, but not before present stiff resistance by uprisings like those of 1768 and 1777 that cornered the Spaniards and weakened its system, creating favourable conditions for the independence processes.
In the provisional Government of Dr. Luis Cordero, on July 23, 1883, the Bolívar Canton with parishes Cayambe as cantonal header Tabacundo, Cangahua, Tocachi, Guayllabamba, and Otto was created. Only nine months existing was the name of the liberator, since the inhabitants demanded restoration of the historic Cayambe name, as well as it happened. Later would come the new territorial divisions, up to the current configuration.