Full Name: Cayambe
Foundation: 23 of July of 1883
Location: The Cayambe Canton is located in the northern Ecuador Andes, to the northeast of the province of Pichincha, at the foot of the mountain that bears his name.
Limits: North: Imbabura province, South: Metropolitano de Quito, this district: province of Napo and Sucumbios, West: Canton Pedro Moncayo.
Political Division: Parishes Urban: Juan Montalvo and City of Cayambe
Parishes Rural: Ascázubi, Cangahua, Olmedo, Otón, San José de Ayora y Santa Rosa de Cuzubamba
Population: 85,795 Hab. (INEC 2010)
Urban: 39,028 Hab.
Rural: 46,767 Hab.
Language: Spanish and Kichwa They speak in some indigenous communities of the village Kayambi.
Height: 2.700 a 5.790 m.s.n.m
Temperature: Cold – Templado
Temperature: 8° - 22° relative humidity close to the 80%.
Precipitación: Annual average of 600 - 800 mm.
Accessibility: Panamericana Norte road axis E35.
Hydrography: One of most important watershed is the river La Chimba, who was born in the upper part of the parroquia Olmedo; It originates from small sheds in the foothills of the snow-covered Cayambe, near the place called Piedra Colorada, his name's origin is the river Chalpar. Its flow increases with the waters of the creeks, Chualguacorral, Pucapaccha, Engañan, Ismuquiro, Turucucho and other, the river La Chimba, After passing through the estate of the same name, receives the waters of the streams of Alpachaca, Yacupamba, Pulisa, Cuchiloma, Cariacu, Ugshapamba y Paquiestancia. Close to parroquia Ayora takes its name from river San José and it receives the waters of the Creek Pulubí; After joining with the Gorge of Upayacu formed by the river Granobles and joins the White River for, finally, joining the Yasnan Creek. Also born from the South of the nevado Cayambe River Sayaro which, together with the streams of Rosascucho, Rasocucho, Buitreyacu and Cariacu or Gualimburo, form the Guachala River; then meet the waters of the creeks nuns and Huambo; This Creek flows facing the pool of Ishigto. Guachala River joining with the Granobles form the Pisque River which ultimately flows into the Guayllabamba River